Welcome to the Bussola Institute

The Bussola Institute is an independent, not-for-profit, non-governmental research institute, established as a bridge to provide better understanding and greater cooperation between the countries of the Gulf and the European Union.

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Latest Commentary

A New Strategic Economic Plan for Bahrain

A New Strategic Economic Plan for Bahrain

While the oil industry is rapidly declining, many oil monarchies that are still heavily depending on oil have accelerated their diversification strategies....Read more

The End of a Long Period of Tense Relations

The End of a Long Period of Tense Relations

Last week marked a turning point in the diplomatic relations between the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Turkey as the two countries signed technology and...Read more

A Convergence of Strategic Views

A Convergence of Strategic Views

During an official visit to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Annette Weber, the EU Special Representative for the Horn of Africa, gave an exclusive interview to Arab...Read more

Historic Energy Agreement

Historic Energy Agreement

The United Arab Emirates, Israel, and Jordan have announced their intention to embark on a large-scale cooperation project to build a solar plant in the Jordanian desert.

DEEPENING RELATIONS UNDER THE ABRAHAM ACCORDS: EMIRATES TO LAUNCH DAILY FLIGHTS TO CONNECT DUBAI TO TEL AVIV

DEEPENING RELATIONS UNDER THE ABRAHAM ACCORDS: EMIRATES TO LAUNCH DAILY FLIGHTS TO CONNECT DUBAI TO TEL AVIV

In September 2020, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) formalised the normalisation of its diplomatic relations with Israel by signing the "Abraham Accords",...Read more

ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION ON ITS WAY: HOW NON-OIL SECTORS ARE DRIVING ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN SAUDI ARABIA AND THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION ON ITS WAY: HOW NON-OIL SECTORS ARE DRIVING ECONOMIC RECOVERY IN SAUDI ARABIA AND THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

Heavily affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are showing encouraging signs of economic recovery.

Latest Research

COVID-19, OIL PRICE CONTRACTION AND ENERGY TRANSITION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GCC STATES AND EUROPE

COVID-19, OIL PRICE CONTRACTION AND ENERGY TRANSITION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GCC STATES AND EUROPE

This paper explores how the contraction of traditional energy revenues, combined with the effects of combating the variety of challenges posed by COVID-19, are...Read more

AN AGENDA FOR EUROPE-GULF DEFENCE COOPERATION

AN AGENDA FOR EUROPE-GULF DEFENCE COOPERATION

Whereas US-Gulf military cooperation has been the topic of abundant literature, the role of Europe in supporting the armed forces of the Gulf Cooperation...Read more

DEVELOPING A STRATEGY FOR AFRICA: EU AND GCC CONVERGENCES

DEVELOPING A STRATEGY FOR AFRICA: EU AND GCC CONVERGENCES

There exists a growing consensus in the European Union (EU) that its relationship with Africa is of the utmost importance to the bloc’s future, notably in...Read more

A DETAILED ANATOMY OF EU-GCC TRADE RELATIONS: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

A DETAILED ANATOMY OF EU-GCC TRADE RELATIONS: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

This paper describes in detail the current status of trade relations between the EU and GCC and then discusses the future prospects of the trade relationship....Read more

DIVERSIFYING RELATIONSHIPS: RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GCC

DIVERSIFYING RELATIONSHIPS: RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GCC

During the last five years, Russia’s relations with the GCC have developed along a largely positive trajectory. Moscow’s decision to leave the OPEC+ agreement...Read more

EU AND GCC AVIATION AND TOURISM: FROM A HISTORIC CRISIS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY

EU AND GCC AVIATION AND TOURISM: FROM A HISTORIC CRISIS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY

The Covid-19 pandemic has thrown the air travel and tourism industries into their deepest crises in history, with global passenger traffic currently expected...Read more

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