Welcome to the Bussola Institute

The Bussola Institute is an independent, not-for-profit, non-governmental research institute, established as a bridge to provide better understanding and greater cooperation between the countries of the Gulf and the European Union.

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Latest Research

COVID-19, OIL PRICE CONTRACTION AND ENERGY TRANSITION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GCC STATES AND EUROPE

COVID-19, OIL PRICE CONTRACTION AND ENERGY TRANSITION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GCC STATES AND EUROPE

This paper explores how the contraction of traditional energy revenues, combined with the effects of combating the variety of challenges posed by COVID-19, are...Read more

AN AGENDA FOR EUROPE-GULF DEFENCE COOPERATION

AN AGENDA FOR EUROPE-GULF DEFENCE COOPERATION

Whereas US-Gulf military cooperation has been the topic of abundant literature, the role of Europe in supporting the armed forces of the Gulf Cooperation...Read more

DEVELOPING A STRATEGY FOR AFRICA: EU AND GCC CONVERGENCES

DEVELOPING A STRATEGY FOR AFRICA: EU AND GCC CONVERGENCES

There exists a growing consensus in the European Union (EU) that its relationship with Africa is of the utmost importance to the bloc’s future, notably in...Read more

A DETAILED ANATOMY OF EU-GCC TRADE RELATIONS: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

A DETAILED ANATOMY OF EU-GCC TRADE RELATIONS: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

This paper describes in detail the current status of trade relations between the EU and GCC and then discusses the future prospects of the trade relationship....Read more

DIVERSIFYING RELATIONSHIPS: RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GCC

DIVERSIFYING RELATIONSHIPS: RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GCC

During the last five years, Russia’s relations with the GCC have developed along a largely positive trajectory. Moscow’s decision to leave the OPEC+ agreement...Read more

EU AND GCC AVIATION AND TOURISM: FROM A HISTORIC CRISIS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY

EU AND GCC AVIATION AND TOURISM: FROM A HISTORIC CRISIS TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY

The Covid-19 pandemic has thrown the air travel and tourism industries into their deepest crises in history, with global passenger traffic currently expected...Read more

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