REPORT: THE ARABIAN PENINSULA: A NEW REGIONAL SECURITY PARADIGM

These notes provide an overview of the discussion during the Bussola Institute Seminar entitled “The Arabian Peninsula: A New Regional Security Paradigm”, held on 24th October
2018 in Brussels. The mission and remit of Bussola Institute was outlined at the beginning of the seminar. In order to encourage an open discussion, the seminar was held under the ‘Chatham House Rule’. Hence none of the points expressed and/or discussed are attributed to individual contributors.

REPORT: THE ARABIAN PENINSULA: A NEW REGIONAL SECURITY PARADIGM

Author

Bussola Institute

Date

October 24, 2018

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A NEW SECURITY PARADIGM: BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Today, the Arabian Peninsula faces a changing security environment that sees new challenges and changing threats. It is assessed that these shifts, both regionally and internationally, may be leading to a new geostrategic paradigm with direct and indirect implications for the Arab region and with potentially important consequences for the European Union (EU).

The seminar aimed to explore the scope and scale of these perceived shifts and to assess the possible implications this new paradigm might entail for the future of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and its relationship with the EU, NATO and other international alliances and partnerships.

It was generally agreed that the observed changes to the strategic security picture in the region have been influenced by the shifting economic situation on the Arabian Peninsula. Most obviously, these have included recent turbulence in global energy prices that have adversely affected public revenues. They have also manifested as differing approaches to economic reform across the region, with both Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates more forward leaning in their embrace of economic diversification through their ‘Vison 2030’ and ‘Vision 2021’ programmes than their fellow GCC-member states.


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