The Bussola Institute together with the Bertelsmann Foundation and its project “Strategies for the EU Neighbourhood” held a majlis discussion on the role of the key states of Russia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Iran, the so-called “neighbours of the neighbours” of the EU, in the stabilisation process for the EU's eastern and southern neighbourhood. There was a particular focus on the implications of the recent announcement of the United States to withdraw its military forces from Syria and how that decision would impact EU strategy as well as the policies of the key states.